Measles cases QUADRUPLE in Europe after vaccinations are SHUNNED, health experts warn

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The world health organization emphasizes that outbreaks of measles arise from the fact that the decline in collective immunity, including the reason is the low percentage of people who do not consent to the vaccination.

Measles cases jumped by 400% in Europe in 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) has said.

Global health chiefs have calculated that there has been a 400 per cent rise in the number of measles across Europe in the past year.

"Over 20,000 cases of measles, and 35 lives lost in 2017 alone, are a tragedy we simply can not accept".

As NPR's Michaeleen Doucleff has reported, measles cases have generally seen a dramatic drop worldwide since the 1980s, from more than 4 million cases annually to fewer than 500,000.

Health officials have had to strongly argue against a growing global anti-vaccination movement - with some claiming MMR vaccines can cause autism and refusing to immunise their children.

Measles is a highly infectious viral illness that can be very unpleasant and sometimes lead to serious complications.

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"Elimination of both measles and rubella is a priority goal that all European countries have firmly committed to", Dr Jakab said.

The surge included large outbreaks (100 or more cases) in 15 of the 53 countries, but Ireland was not included. "This short-term setback can not deter us from our commitment to be the generation that frees our children from these diseases once and for all". The measles vaccine can protect children against the disease, and is about 97 percent effective after two doses.

The measles rash is made up of red or brown blotches.

But, his work has since been discredited, and he was struck off as a doctor in the UK.

The virus is spread through coughing and sneezing and through close contact with infected individuals.

People who remain unvaccinated contribute to measles rates not only by exposing themselves but also by exposing others. "It is also thought that the country's large Roma population, who often live in severe poverty, are at particular risk of contracting and spreading the virus", the broadcaster added. Vaccination rates in Romania declined nearly 20 percentage points in the last decade, from 96 percent in 2006 to 76 percent in 2016. This is given twice - at 12 months of age and again at four-to-five years - as part of the routine immunisation programme.