Early a year ago, Turkey, which has been backing anti-Damascus militants, as well as Russian Federation and Iran, which side with the Syrian government, began moderating talks between the government and opposition in the Kazakh capital of Astana.
Citing a police source, state news agency SANA said the shells were launched from Eastern Ghouta.
"What is happening in eastern Ghouta is not simply a humanitarian crisis because aid is denied, these sieges involve the global crimes of indiscriminate bombardment and deliberate starvation of the civilian population", stated Mr. Pinheiro.
These refugees, Ambassador Yuceer noted, are forced to leave Syria for many reasons among them, the repressive regime of Assad.
The opposition blames President Bashar al-Assad's regime, which denies involvement.
The head of the International Inquiry commission on Syria, Paulo Pinheiro said in a statement that the ongoing siege of Eastern Ghouta by the government of Syria involves the violation of international law of indiscriminate bombings and deliberate starvation of the civilian populace.
The US State Department says it has recorded six suspected chemical attacks in Syria in the past 30 days, but there are suggestions that number is conservative.
On Monday, the opposition Syrian National Coalition condemned what it described as a "barbaric onslaught" by Russian and Syrian forces in Idlib province in recent days and demanded United Nations action.
A Syrian man searches for people in a fire following regime air strikes on the rebel-held town of Douma
Shortly after taking office past year, French President Emmanuel Macron said chemical attacks in Syria would be a "red line" for France.
Fighting flares again at the end of 2012 as the rebels set up base in Eastern Ghouta.
Home to an estimated 400,000 people, the Eastern Ghouta region has been included in a de-escalation deal that was meant to bring calm.
The global chemical weapons watchdog, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, expressed "grave concern" over the "credible allegations".
"The parties are committed to the consistent implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) for Iran's nuclear program, which is important for maintaining global peace and stability", a joint statement following the call declared.
The uptick in violence has led the United Nations to issue a strongly-worded and emotional statement condemning the killings and calling on the Syrian regime to halt its aggressive campaign on opposition territories.
The UN called for a one-month truce to deliver aid to Syria as Russian-backed government forces pummelled rebel-held pockets.
NGOs suggest more than half a million people have been killed and half the population uprooted since war broke out in 2011, after regime troops brutally put suppressed anti-government protests sparking an armed revolt. "If anything, these have been serious escalation areas", he was quoted as saying by the Guardian.
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