The Israeli Air Force has carried out a series of airstrikes against Hamas military facilities in northern Gaza in retaliation for "heavy machine gun fire" that reportedly targeted the city of Sderot.
Cogat, the military body for Palestinian civilian affairs, said Tuesday it has transferred 53 tons of medical equipment to Gaza this week, including medical fluids, bandages and physical therapy treadmills.
Israel and Hamas have fought three wars in the past decade since Gaza fell under control of the militant group that denies Israel's right to exist.
The bloodshed continued to draw world attention as violence abated late Wednesday, on the eve of the holy Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
"We call for a credible global investigation into the crimes committed by the occupation", Arab League chief Ahmed Abul Gheit said at an extraordinary meeting of Arab foreign ministers in Cairo on Thursday to discuss the violence.
He said his chief of staff's office and foreign ministry were working to evacuate the injured from Gaza, and said that Turkey would stand by Palestine "no matter what the price".
Israel, which has faced blistering global criticism over its response, is likely to latch on to the remarks to bolster its claims that Hamas has used the weekly border protests as cover to stage attacks.
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Hamas's leader in the Gaza Strip, Yahya Sinwar, told Al-Jazeera on Wednesday that the Egyptians "support the right of our people to struggle and the right of return, and stressed their keenness not to allow these marches to degenerate into an armed military confrontation".
A Hamas spokesman said plans were in place for a mass gathering on 5 June, the anniversary of the first day of the six-day war, in which Israeli forces captured East Jerusalem and the Palestinian territories, including Gaza.
The Israeli government has described the events as an assault on Israel's sovereignty, while failing to address the reality that has led to the mass protest - 50 years of occupation and over 10 years of closure.
Gaza analyst Akram Attallah, pointing to the smaller number of protesters since Monday's deaths, said: "I can see there is a retreat because of the Israeli bloody response...but Friday will represent an indicator to where things are going".
Abbas no longer felt bound by these understanding after President Donald Trump in December recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital - ignoring Palestinian claims to the Israeli-annexed eastern sector - and this week moved the U.S. Embassy there.
"We are very disappointed at African countries which had celebrated the declaration of Jerusalem as the official capital city of Israel by the USA".
Palestinians seek East Jerusalem as the capital of a state they want to establish in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.